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Total population: 488–535 million

Theravada (Pali: "The School of the Elders")

Mahayana (Sanskrit: "The Great Vehicle")

Buddhism is philosophically-religious system.

Buddhism originated in India, from where it spread through much of Asia, whereafter it declined in India during the middle ages.

In Hinduism, dharma signifies behaviours that are considered to be in accord with rta, the order that makes life and universe possible, and includes duties, rights, laws, conduct, virtues and ‘‘right way of living’’. In Buddhism dharma means "cosmic law and order", but is also applied to the teachings of the Buddha. In Buddhist philosophy, dhamma/dharma is also the term for "phenomena". Dharma in Jainism refers to the teachings of tirthankara (Jina) and the body of doctrine pertaining to the purification and moral transformation of human beings. For Sikhs, the word dharm means the "path of righteousness".

Founder: Gautama Buddha Regions with significant populations China, Thailand, Japan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Laos, Cambodia, Korea, Taiwan, Bhutan, Mongolia, India

Scriptures: Buddhavacana, Tripiṭaka, Mahayana Sutras, Pāli Canon, (Tibetan canon, Chinese canon)

Languages Sanskrit, Pali, Gandhari, Classical Chinese, Classical Tibetan, Tangut, Sinhalese, Thai, Khmer, Burmese, Mon, Korean, Japanese, varieties of Chinese, Vietnamese